Whenever we talk about software development, software testing is the biggest headache to the developers as the extreme level of progress in technologies also come with an extreme level of cyber-attacks and the best way to face these attacks are by QA (Quality Assurance) which tells your software is going to fail or get successful. Here are a few Best Practices in software testing which may help you in the software development cycle (SDLC).
Best Practices for Software Testing in 2021
1. Never Forget To Create An Expert Security Team
When you want something best, you need to leave them on best. So the most important and first step we need to focus on is the security team which is dedicated to software testing. Small QA testing can be performed on local labs but for complicated testing, we need hardcore knowledge and experience.
The most important property we need in our team must be knowledge of OWASP critical security risk profiles and ISO security standards. However, a dedicated team can save us from many major issues and can face all the complications, so this is important.
2. Always Choose In Control Security Environment
Many companies prefer cloud-based testing which is not a great idea at all as the cloud has numerous risks because of public accessibility. People should use a testing environment on testing to avoid internet and cloud-based difficulties.
3. Test Plan Creation
When we start the coding, we start test plan creation and complete it so that there is no push during QA execution. When writing test cases, use test case type pasture to identify the kind of test case, and don’t forget to prepare a failure test cases list.
4. Prefer Test Orient Development Practices
The easier and smarter way to test is by using test-oriented development practices such as Test Drive Development (TDD), Pair programming, and unit testing. TDD is a test-first approach in which the test cases for software testing are written before actual code. The code is written to make sure the test passes. This process helps in finding the bugs sooner and ends them.
5. Carry Test Throughout Software Development Cycle
Testing only in the QA stage is not a very good idea, it must be taken to every stage of software development. Early-stage testing helps in cutting all the bugs and testing in end helps in reducing the cost of QA.
6. Break Test Into Parts
Choose small parts of the test throughout the whole SDLC, so that it doesn’t consume much time or resources and can be helpful to the testers as many tests are extremely long we can easily break them into small parts.
7. Programmers Should Not Write The Tests
The test should be written in its own observance as programmers when write test cases for their own coding there are chances that they can make the test less creative. The test must be written before doing the coding.
8. Always Note All The Reports Of The Test
It is very important to note all the reports of tests as all observations should be written in the final test report. So that if ever any issue occurs in future it will be easy to find. In the future, all the reports and expert experiences can help users or in case of any issue.
9. Clean The Testing Code From Core Code While The Development Of The Final Product
One more reason to record all the test reports is that when we clean all the core code it will help. When we clean the testing code from the core code at the time of development of the final product, it will help in saving the cost.
10. Keep The Test Away From The Developers
Keeping the testing away from the developers is a good idea because while testing many times Developers and designers keep making the changes which will not be very beneficial for the reports and also for testing. So working in a developer atmosphere is not a great idea, keep your testing away from them for complete and accurate testing.
11. Pick The Tests Which Are Written With Maximum Coverage
Getting 100% accurate testing isn’t possible but we should choose a test that has maximum coverage with sufficient analysis. It is impossible to solve all the issues as there are some hidden bugs but we should try to design tests in a manner that can at least solve possible bugs.
12. Give Regular QA Technical Reviews
Technical reviews are helpful as they can tell if what logic we are using is going to work or not because logical errors don’t create crashes or termination of the applications so they are hard to find and reviews can help in finding them. Functional errors can create poor exception handling which can break the application.
13. Positive Testing And Negative Testing
Positive testing is done in the optimistic situation to check if the software is matching the requirement or not.
Negative testing is done with negative situations as if the software can handle the bad efforts such as putting wrong date-time format, putting decimals, trying to break the coding, etc. Testing is done in both ways so that they can tell the accuracy of the Software.
You cannot promise a complete accurate practice as few hidden bugs can be left but we should go for the highest accuracy and try to keep these practices in your mind, even if you remember some of them, it will help you in creating better testing.
As there is no guarantee that any amount of testing will stop bugs from entering into the production environment, consider using a defect monitoring tool like Seagence, which helps detect all production defects with root cause as they occur in realtime. For more details, click here.